External Documents

A Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma

A qualitative vulnerability assessment for a tribe in Oklahoma. This is a good example of how to conduct a vulnerability assessment for a local jurisdiction that has limited resources.

Achieving Hazard-Resilient Coastal & Waterfront Smart Growth

This report provides an overview of the ideas shared during a roundtable discussion with experts about how coastal and waterfront communities could improve quality of life, use land and other resources efficiently, and create environmentally and economically sustainable neighborhoods while minimizing risks from natural hazards related to coastal and waterfront flooding.

Adaptation Planning – What U.S. States and Localities are Doing

This resource from the Pew Center provides information on current efforts underway in adaptation planning across the United States.

Adaptation Tool Kit: Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Land Use

This Tool Kit, prepared by the estimable Jessica Grannis with assistance from students in Georgetown Law's Harrison Institute for Public Law, provides local and state governments and their citizens with practical knowledge to help adapt to sea-level rise in a prudent and balanced manner.

Assessing Health Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Guide for Health Departments

Released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Assessing Health Vulnerability to Climate Change" will help public health departments assess local vulnerabilities to health hazards associated with climate change. The assessments will help inform targeted public health actions to reduce the health impacts of climate change.

Assessing the Near-Term Risk of Climate Uncertainty: Interdependencies among the U.S. States

This report quantifies the economic impacts of climate change in order to assist policy makers make decisions in spite of the uncertainty associated with climate projections.

Building a Resilient Gulf Coast

This report seeks to quantify the Gulf Coast's climate risks and how to adapt to them. In particular, energy production is a major focus.

Clean & Resilient Marina Guidebook At A Glance

The Gulf of Mexico Alliance (GOMA) has made supporting Clean Marinas and promoting their resilience to natural and man-made disasters a top priority. GOMA's Clean and Resilient Marina Guidebook provides marina owners and operators useful information, tools, and recommended practices on (1) Marina Design and Siting, (2) Emergency Preparedness, (3) Evacuation Procedures, (4) Stormwater Management and Erosion Controls, (5) Climate Adaptation and Sea Level Rise, and (6) Outreach and Education for Marina Operators and Boaters.

Climate Adaptation & Transportation: Identifying Information and Assistance Needs

This report summarizes the presentations, discussions and recommendations from a workshop, Climate Adaptation & Transportation: Identifying Information and Assistance Needs, held November 16-17, 2011. Funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Sector Applications and Research Program, the workshop was designed and facilitated by the Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) and the Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP).

Climate Change and Agriculture in the United States: Effects and Adaptation

Climate change effects over the next 25 years will be mixed. Continued changes by mid-century and beyond, however, are expected to have generally detrimental effects on most crops and livestock. As temperatures increase, crop production areas may shift to follow the temperature range for optimal growth and yield, though production in any given location will be more influenced by available soil water during the growing season. Weed control costs total more than $11 billion a year in the U.S.; those costs are expected to rise with increasing temperatures and carbon dioxide concentrations. Changing climate will also influence livestock production. Heat stress for any specific type of livestock can damage performance, production, and fertility, limiting the production of meat, milk, or eggs. Changes in forage type and nutrient content will likely influence grazing management needs. Insect and disease prevalence are expected to increase under warmer and more humid conditions, diminishing animal health and productivity. Note: For copies of the figures contained in this document, contact Jennifer Lohr at jlohr@oce.usda.gov or 202-720-8024.